L-1A Intracompany Transferee Executive or Manager Visa

The L-1A nonimmigrant visa serves two purposes.  First, it allows a U.S. employer to transfer an executive or manager from one of its affiliated foreign offices to one of its offices in the United States.  Second, it allows a foreign company which does not yet have an affiliated U.S. office to send an executive or manager to the United States with the purpose of establishing one.

 

GENERAL QUALIFICATIONS

 

To qualify for L-1 classification in this category, the employer must:

  • Have a qualifying relationship with a foreign company (parent company, branch, subsidiary, or affiliate, collectively referred to as qualifying organizations); and

  • Currently be, or will be, doing business as an employer in the United States and in at least one other country directly or through a qualifying organization for the duration of the beneficiary’s stay in the United States as an L-1.

 

While the business must be viable, there is no requirement that it be engaged in international trade. Doing business means the regular, systematic, and continuous provision of goods and/or services by a qualifying organization and does not include the mere presence of an agent or office of the qualifying organization in the United States and abroad.

 

Additionally, the named employee must also:

  • Generally have been working for a qualifying organization abroad for one continuous year within the three years immediately preceding his or her admission to the United States; and

  • Be seeking to enter the United States to provide service in an executive or managerial capacity for a branch of the same employer or one of its qualifying organizations.

 

Executive capacity generally refers to the employee’s ability to make decisions of wide latitude without much oversight.  Managerial capacity generally refers to the ability of the employee to supervise and control the work of professional employees and to manage the organization, or a department, subdivision, function, or component of the organization.  It may also refer to the employee’s ability to manage an essential function of the organization at a high level, without direct supervision of others. 

 

NEW OFFICES

 

For foreign employers seeking to send an employee to the United States as an executive or manager to establish a new office, the employer must also show that:

  • The employer has secured sufficient physical premises to house the new office;

  • The employee has been employed as an executive or manager for one continuous year in the three years preceding the filing of the petition; and

  • The intended U.S. office will support an executive or managerial position within one year of the approval of the petition.

 

PERIOD OF STAY

 

Qualified employees entering the United States to establish a new office will be allowed a maximum initial stay of one year. All other qualified employees will be allowed a maximum initial stay of three years. For all L-1A employees, requests for extension of stay may be granted in increments of up to an additional two years, until the employee has reached the maximum limit of seven years.

 

FAMILY OF L-1 WORKERS

 

The transferring employee may be accompanied or followed by his or her spouse and unmarried children who are under 21 years of age. Such family members may seek admission in L-2 nonimmigrant classification and, if approved, generally will be granted the same period of stay as the employee. 

 

WORK AUTHORIZATION FOR SPOUSE

 

Spouses of L-1 workers may apply for work authorization by filing a Form I-765, Application for Employment Authorization with fee.  If approved, there is no specific restriction as to where the L-2 spouse may work.

 

 

BLANKET PETITIONS

 

Certain organizations may establish the required intracompany relationship in advance of filing individual L-1 petitions by filing a blanket petition. Eligibility for blanket L certification may be established if:

 

  • The petitioner and each of the qualifying organizations are engaged in commercial trade or services;

  • The petitioner has an office in the United States which has been doing business for one year or more;

  • The petitioner has three or more domestic and foreign branches, subsidiaries, and affiliates; and

  • The petitioner along with the other qualifying organizations meet one of the following criteria:

    • Have obtained at least 10 L-1 approvals during the previous 12-month period;

    • Have U.S. subsidiaries or affiliates with combined annual sales of at least $25 million; or

    • Have a U.S. work force of at least 1,000 employees.

 

The approval of a blanket L petition does not guarantee that an employee will be granted L-1A classification.  It does, however, provide the employer with the flexibility to transfer eligible employees to the United States quickly and with short notice without having to file an individual petition with USCIS.  In most cases, once the blanket petition has been approved, the employer need only complete Form, I-129S, Nonimmigrant Petition Based on Blanket L Petition, and send it to the employee along with a copy of the blanket petition's Approval Notice and other required evidence, so that the employee may present it to a consular officer in connection with an application for an L-1 visa.

 

L-1签证是非移民工作签证,它适用于跨国公司从境外派遣管理层雇员或拥有特殊知识的专业技术人员去美国公司工作。在L1签证申请过程中,美国公司是L1签证的申请人,管理层雇员或专业技术人员是L-1签证的受益人。L1签证的受益人在提交L1签证申请之前的三年内,必须在申请人的海外机构(母公司,关联公司)连续工作一年以上。该跨国公司在海外的机构必须和在美国的机构属于母子公司,分公司或者附属公司的关系。L1跨国公司还可以包括非营利性的,宗教的,或慈善机构。

 

同时,L1签证也适用于那些正在筹划在美国设立公司或者办公室,而需要将高级管理人员和专业技术人才派到美国境内来进行筹备的跨国公司。但是请注意,对于新成立的美国公司,L1签证的首次有效期为一年时间。到期后申请人必须提出延期的申请。L-1签证也适合于小企业到美国创业拓展业务和服务,抽调精通业务的管理层雇员,按照公司总部设立的目标和宗旨来设立新的分公司。然而,美国移民局对不知名的中小企业,及新筹建的公司的L1申请审查很严格,在准备L1签证申请时,我们建议您向经验丰富的移民律师进行咨询。

 

根据受益人的身份不同,美国移民局将L-1签证分为L-1A和L-1B两类,但在签发签证时都是L1签证。一般情况,对于新成立的美国公司,首次L-1签证申请的有效期是1年,对于有一年以上历史的美国公司,首次L1签证申请的有效期可以达3年,到期后都可以提出延期申请,L1延期的有效期也可以达3年。高级经理和行政主管的L1A签证,最长不得超过7年。专业人才的L1B签证,最长不得超过5年。当L-1身份的最长效期到期以后,L1签证的持有者必须离开美国至少一年之后,方可以重新申请新的L签证。

 

L-1A签证 - 跨国公司管理层

L-1A签证是为跨国公司将公司内部的高级管理人员派遣到美国的分公司,子公司,母公司或者附属公司担任高管设计的。该被调动的高管人员必须在递交申请的前三年内至少为该跨国公司在美国境外的机构连续工作一年。

 

L-1B签证 - 跨国公司专业技术人员

L-1B签证是为跨国公司将具有专业知识的人员送到美国运用特殊知识对公司的运营进行指导而设计的。对于什么是专业知识(Specialized knowledge)移民法上没有明确的规定,因此,L1-B申请常常收到移民局的提交证据要求(Request for Evidence)。 在实际操作中,我们建议L1-B的申请人咨询专业的移民律师以更好的准备相关的证明。

 

L-1跨国公司集体调职签证

L-1跨国公司集体调职签证 (L-1 Blanket Petition Program) 用于满足移民局条件的大型跨国公司可以通过一次申请将一定数量的管理层雇员和拥有特殊知识的专业人员送到美国的公司工作。

 

L-1签证的优势

1.申请等待期短

L-1签证不像工作签证H1B那样有年度名额限制,L-1签证申请时间相对较短。如果申请人选择加急处理服务,15天内就可以获得结果。

2.允许双重意向

L1签证最大优点是,L1签证虽然属于非移民签证,但是其允许L-1签证持有者具有双重意向。因此,L1持有人可以在不破坏L-1身份的情况下,通过其它移民途径(比如杰出人才EB-1A、EB-1B、国家利益豁免NIW、百万投资EB5等等)申请绿卡。另外,当条件成熟后,L-1持有者也可通过第一优先劳工移民(EB-1C)的方式,向美国移民局提出转绿卡申请。

3. 目前L1签证转绿卡不受任何移民配额排期限制

每年L1签证通过第一优先EB1申请绿卡的移民配额在40,000个以上,而EB5移民配额只有10,000个。

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